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2002, FEBRUARY, NO.10

Human and animal relations in Japan and sensebility of young generations
−To resolve difficulties concerning animals 【Mitsuaki Ohta】

Special Article・1
The starting point of animal rescue in disasters
−From the Hanshin-Awaji great earthquake to the eruptions of Mt.Usu-Zan and Miyake-jima Island−
●A proposal toward the preparation of the manual for animal rescue in an emergency 【Masahiko Hataya】
●Record of animal rescue following Mt. Usu-zan eruption 【Hiroshi Uchiyama】
●Is my dog "SUN" happy? 【Haruo Terasawa】

●Emergency evacuation of farm animals at the eruption of Miyake-jima Island 【Mitsuaki Okubo】

●Free discussion 【Coordinated by Yoshihiro Hayashi】

Special Article・2
A reconsideration of animal-assisted therapy and animal-assisted activities
●The role companion animals can play in our helth and well-being:
  animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and animal-assisted activities (AAA) 【Dennis C. Turner】
●Free discussion 【Coordinated by Mitsuaki Ohta】

The citizen-based planning of town where styorks
−A trial of reintroducing captive endangered species −【Osamu Yunoki】

Current status on animal right in Japan:
Possiblity and significance of animal rights studies beyond environmentalism 【Chizuru Nasu Shiraishi】

Original Paper
Identifying the change in the mind of the handicapped children through experiencing horseback riding
【Hiromi keino, Hiroomi Keino, Koichi Hara, M.asahiro Kishikawa, Kenji Kawakita】
Perception of kindergarteners toward farm animals and their products
【Yuki Koba, Hajime Tanida】

Essay Series
Series : Cohabitation with the wildlife 8
One scene in hot summer 【Shin-ichiro Hamasaki

Book Review
【Ryo Kusunose】

Report 1
  Current status on animal right in Japan:
Possibility and significance of animal rights studies beyond environmentalism.
chizuru -Nasu- Shiraishi
School of Comparative Study of Cultures Graduate school of Humanities and Science, Ochanomizu University/2-1-1 Otsuka Bunkyo-ku Tokyo 112-0012 Japan
  The term "animal rights" has recently been used in the context of Japanese environmental problems with terms such as メenvironmental ethics and メrights of nature. However,we Japanese are still skeptical of the Importance and relevance of "animal rights", arguing that they play no role in helping to solve environmental issue. We also go so far as to think that we do not need "animal rights" because some ecological theories that exist today contain them. The aim of this paper is to present another viewpoint on the issue of animal rights , and to demonstrate its significance in our society that goes beyond environmentalism. My analysis of the current situations in Japan in this area leads me to believe that there exists a stigma that prevents animal rights studies from being popular in Japan. there are two main reasons for this. First, it is argued that we, the Japanese people, as whole, do not easily accept he notion of "animal rights"due to our traditional view of animals. Second, it is also treated that the concept of "animal rights" would threaten human rights problem. This paper examines the problems with common discussion on these issue, and propose new view-points on "animal rights"; the consideration of "animal rights" presents to us an important opportunity to look deeper into human right issue, thus expanding our frame of ethics.
・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・Japan. J.Hum. Anim. Relat, No. 11 64-69 (2002)


Report 2
  Identifying the change in the mind of the handicapped children through experiencing horseback riding
Hiromi keino 1), Hiroomi Keino1), Koichi Hara 2), Masahiro Kishikawa 1), Kenji Kawakita 3)
1) Institute for Deveropment Researchi Aichi human Service Center/713-8 Kamiya-cho Kasugai-shi Aichi,480-0392
2) Aichi Mental Health Care Center/3-2-1 Sannomaru Naka-ku Nagoya-shi Aichi,460-0001
3) Meiji university of Oriental Medicine/Hiyoshi-cho Funai-gun, Kyoto 629-0392
  It has been known that horseback riding has a great influence on the mind and body of handicapped persons. But, the absence of the scale for indicating the effects has restricted the evaluation of the effect within that by descriptions. We, therefore, tried to design a scale for measuring how horseback riding effects on the minds of the handicapped persons. Based on the CARS (Childhood Autism Rating Scale), one of the rating scales for autism, we defined 10 items for evaluation, i.e. , relation to people, imitation, emotional response, fear or nervousness, verbal communication, non-verbal communication, each of which is divided into 5 levels. When several evaluators tried evaluation by this scale, little differences was found between the evaluations of all evaluators. We applied this scale to measuring the effect of one-year horseback riding on 2 autistic children, and we found they scored higher in all items at the end of the term of observation expect where they had perfect score at the beginning. We think this proves the influence of horseback riding on the mind. We will take this result into consideration in designing the policy of activity and making the action plan to apply horseback riding more effectively to the care of the handicapped persons.
[keyword: horse back riding , handicapped persons, CARS, Autism , Item for evaluation]
・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・Japan. J.Hum. Anim. Relat, No. 11 71-75 (2002)


Report 3
  Perception of kindergarteners toward farm animals and their products
Yuki Koba 1), Hajime Tanida 2)
1) Graduate School of Biosphere Sciences, Hiroshima University/1-4-4 Kagamiyama, Hiroshima--shi Hiroshima 739-8528
2) Faculty of Applied biological Science, Hiroshima University/1-4-4 Kagamiyama, Hiroshima--shi Hiroshima 739-8528
  The objective of this study was to clarify how kindergarteners percept farm animals and their products. One hundred and forty one kindergarteners in Mihara Kindergarten of Hiroshima University were on inquiry. More than ninety percent of kindergarteners preferred animals in general. Mammals such as rabbits and hamsters were popular animals. Their perception toward farm animals increased with ages. Chickens were the best known farm animals, followed by pigs, cattle and sheep. The study on picture books in the kindergarten showed that only 7.0 percent of the books contained the materials related to farm animals. Most children did not know where and how the farm products were produced. In conclusion, surrounding environments easily influences the perception of kindergarteners toward farm animals and their products, and therefore it is necessary to provide the opportunity for children to interact with animals and learn about farm animals in kindergarten.
[keyword: Kindergarteners, Farm animals, Perception]
・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・Japan. J.Hum. Anim. Relat, No. 11 76-81 (2002)